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FARM-X. The First Modular Vertical Farm Concept (Almost) Unveiled.

Food has historically been grown in areas of low real-estate interest, far from densely populated settlements normally described as “cities”.   Farm-X is a modular vertical farm concept that shifts the historical dichotomy between the production and the consumption of food. It grows up to 5t / day of fresh food in 1000 Sqm using specific hydroponic farming techniques in a fully controlled environment to maximize productivity of leaf and fruit vegetables. Farm-X is conceived as a device for not just the production of food but production of the city itself. Farm-X is a tool of re-activation of abandoned warehouses plots, widely diffused within the US urban city fabrics. It is designed to operate as catalysts for urban reactivation, providing employment and exchange energy, as well as services within any urban development complex. The optimal size of a farm corresponds to a medium sized urban block (32m x 32m) at four-stories in height. This new building typology can be easily integrated into any modern urban fabric and play an active role in a local community development with compact construction. Farm-X is designed to be standardized in construction and dismountable to optimize its cost effectiveness and replicability. Thanks to its flexible layout, after a neighborhood reactivation is completed the farm can be moved elsewhere, or it can be adapted to another functional program by removing the lightweight hydroponic equipments. Farm-X can also generate energy by processing green waste, creating a close loop between people, food, waste, energy within the urban environment. Farm-X is designed to reduce the distance of food distribution and production and to reduce the distance of waste dismantlement by re-integrating it to the farm to produce energy. A proof of concept of Farm-X productivity for selected cultivars is near completion in Richmond, California. Design Team: Arch. Antonio Scarponi, Concept Development, Scientific and Artistic Coordination; Arch. Federica Costa, CAD Drafting, 3D Modeling; Arch. Andrea Pisanu, CAD drafting, 3D Modeling.
Technical Consultants: Agronomists: Prof. Giorgio Gianquinto, Prof. Francesco Orsini. Lights Design: Lorenzo Antonioni (Bulbo S.n.c.) MEP Engineering: Remo Ricchetti. Structural Engineering: David Murray.




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  2. Generic Architecture as Strategic Design for Rooftop Urban Agriculture: Aquaponic Farm in Basel for Urban Farmers.
  3. Fish from the Sky with Vegetables. Globe / Hedron a Rooftop Farm.
  4. Harvesting Station, a Reclaiming Device for the Interstitial Spaces of the City.
  5. ELIOOO. Grow Your Food. Or How to Go to IKEA® and Build a Device to Grow Salad in Your Apartment.
  6. Malthus, a Meal a Day. Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying About the Food and Love the (Population) Bomb.
  7. Talking about Anti-Products, in Rethinking the Modular. There is Always an Alternative: Systems and Production. In Conversation with Nathalie Du Pasquier, Catharine Rossi, Jerszy Seymour.
  8. Orto Perpetuo. A Year-round Edible Garden Module in Your Apartment. Urban Agriculture Survival Kit, Salone del Mobile, Milano 2014.
  9. Salone del Mobile 2015: Re Think the Modular (and Other Stories).
  10. ELIOOO, the Japanese Edition is Out.

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